Lighting: Light Plays A Crucial Role In The Overall Wealth And Well-Being Of Reptiles And Amphibians.


Thomas Merckx
Exo Terra Communication Manager

Understanding and providing the right nutrition is essential to ensure the longevity and vitality of your animals. To meet the nutritional needs of reptiles and amphibians, it’s crucial to take the dietary requirements of each species, and the different stages of development into account.

Proper nutrition early in life sets the foundation for good health.
Like all living beings, reptiles and amphibians require appropriate nutrition to grow and develop. Hatchlings and juveniles need adequate nutrients to support their rapid growth, bone development, and organ maturation. Some groups shift from a higher protein diet in their juvenile stage to a higher fibre diet in their adult stage (e.g. bearded dragons). Often these higher protein diets consists of sprouts, young greens and growing foliage, but some groups fulfil their need for protein by eating insects or animal matter.

Source of energy
Nutrition will provide the energy needed for the various metabolic processes in their bodies. A well-balanced diet ensures they have enough energy to carry out essential physiological functions.

Crucial for successful reproduction
Females need sufficient nutrients to develop healthy eggs, while males require energy for courtship behaviours and mating. A lack of proper nutrition can lead to reproductive issues and may hinder the success rate of breeding.

Overall health
A well-nourished animal will have a stronger immune system, making it more resistant to diseases and infections. Essential vitamins and minerals play a key role in boosting immunity and helping fight off illnesses. Many reptiles have intricate bony structures and shells that require specific nutrients to remain strong and healthy. Calcium and vitamin D, for example, are essential for proper bone and shell development, and maintenance. Inadequate calcium intake can lead to metabolic bone disease; a common issue in the hobby. Furthermore, a well-balanced nutrition is crucial for maintaining healthy skin and aiding in the shedding process. Inadequate hydration and nutrient deficiencies can result in improper shedding, which can lead to skin infections and other health problems.

Species-specific nutrition
Different reptile and amphibian species have unique dietary needs based on their natural habitats, behavior, and physiology. Understanding the specific nutritional requirements of each species is essential for their optimal health and well-being. Most of them have a rather primitive digestive tract making them very specialized feeders. Certain species have no means of digesting plant fibres, while others have difficulty digesting high protein sources (e.g. insects, mice).

Providing a balanced and varied diet that closely mimics their natural food sources is vital to ensure the health and longevity of these fascinating creatures. In some cases, supplementation with vitamins and minerals may be necessary.

Thomas Merckx
Exo Terra Communication Manager
Highly Palatable

Nutrition Topics

Dragon Grub, Not Your Average Reptile Food!

Dragon Grub, not your average reptile food!

Insects make up a big portion of the daily food intake of Bearded Dragons and other insect-eating reptiles. The Dragon Grub formula from Exo Terra is an enticing insect-based reptile food, specifically formulated for insectivorous reptiles and named with Bearded Dragons especially in mind. It features Black Soldier Fly larvae that are not only tasty to your reptiles; but are high in protein and very nutrient rich, with an ideal calcium to phosphorus ratio! This diet also contains natural plant and fruit ingredients enriched with vitamins, minerals and other trace nutrients to ensure a happy, healthy reptile!

Supplements: A Crucial Food Component

Supplements: a crucial food component

Reptiles and amphibians have specific nutritional requirements that need to be met to ensure their overall health and well-being. One crucial aspect of their diet is the inclusion of added vitamins and minerals (e.g. electrolytes). These essential nutrients play a vital role in supporting various physiological processes and preventing deficiencies or imbalances that could lead to serious health issues.



Providing treats to your reptiles and amphibians offers several benefits. Keep in mind though, treats should only be given occasionally and in moderation. Too many treats can lead to nutritional imbalances or health issues, so they should never replace the regular balanced diet. Preferably, they should mimic the natural diet as closely as possible. 

Vitamin D3 And Reptiles: A Vital Connection

Vitamin D3 and Reptiles: A Vital Connection

Vitamin D3 plays a vital role in the health and well-being of reptiles, much like it does in other animals. This hormone is integral to mineral metabolism and bone development in reptiles. One of its most significant roles is to enhance calcium absorption from the intestines. Without sufficient vitamin D3, reptiles couldn’t absorb dietary calcium efficiently, which is crucial for their skeletal health and overall well-being.