Expedition 2011 - Sri Lanka / The Sinharaja Expedition
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The Sinharaja Expedition
Located off the southern tip of India, the tropical island of Sri Lanka has enchanted travellers for centuries with its dense jungles and historical monuments. Sri Lanka’s ancient cultural heritage dates back over 2,500 years. Buddhism has been the biggest influence in moulding the variegated cultural heritage of Sri Lanka. The Europeans, particularly the Dutch and the British who colonized the island, added their own cultural hues.
Sri Lanka is one of the biodiversity hot spots of the world and has the highest biodiversity in Asia. Its varied climate and topographical conditions have given rise to this rich species diversity. Much of the species are endemic, a reflection of the island’s separation from the Indian subcontinent in the late Mesozoic era. This is especially relevant for reptiles and amphibians, which are distributed over a wide range of ecosystems such as montane rainforests, lowland forests, grasslands and wetlands.